2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya’s neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with ‘terrorists’
Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli
Nov 30th: UN’s blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS
May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte
Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar’s envoys
Oct 25th: US ramps up airstrikes in Sirte
Nov Nov 27th: Haftar visits Moscow to request support and arms
Dec Dec 19th: US AFRICOM announced the conclusion of Operation Odyssey Lightening
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Italian ambassador returns to Libya
Jan 19th: US jets destroy 2 ISIS camps south of Sirte using precision-guided bombs
Feb Feb 7th: Serraj signs MoU on migration with Italy
Feb 14th: US vetoes appointment of former Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad as new UN Libya Envoy
Mar Mar 21th: The League of Arab States, the African Union, the EU and the UN establish Libya quartet
Apr Apr 19th: US Treasury sanctions Libyan financial facilitators of ISIS
May May 2nd: Serraj briefly meets Trump
May 30th: Egypt launches airstrikes in Derna and Jufra in retaliation for ISIS attack in Egypt
Jun Jun 16th: The UN Secretary General nominate Ghassan Salame as UN Special Envoy for Libya
Jul Jul 25th: LNA Commander Haftar and GNA PM agree to a ceasefire and 2018 elections
Aug Aug 28th: Macron hosts a meeting with EU and North African countries on the Libyan migrant crisis
Sep Sep 15th: The UN Security Council extend the UNSMIL mandate for another year
Sep 25th: Salame outlines the proposed new UN roadmap for Libya
Oct Oct 30th: The third round of ‘Libyan-Libyan’ meetings between LNA and Misrata military officers occurs in Cairo
Nov Nov 17: AFRICOM conducted airstrikes against ISIS targets near Fuqaha
Dec Dec 10th: Libyan military officers meet in Cairo for the 4th round of the Libyan army unification talks
2018
Jan Jan 17th: The Italian parliament votes to increase its military presence in Libya
Feb Feb 26th: The US impose sanctions on several Libyans
Mar Mar 24th: The US military undertake drone strikes targeting a house near Ubari
Apr Apr 5th: UNSMIL launch its first round of ‘consultative meetings’
May May 29th: French President Emmanuel Macron hosts the “Paris” Libya summit
Jun Jun 5th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Eshmikh
Jun 13th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Bani Walid
Jul Jul 7th: Italy reactivate Qadhafi era “friendship treaty”
Aug Aug 28th: U.S AFRICOM launch drone strike near Bani Walid
Sep Sep 11th: The UN Security Council Committee sanction rebel militant Ibrahim Jadhran
Oct Oct 16th: Italy’s Prime Minister declares that his country was ready to facilitate Libyan reconciliation
Nov Nov 29th: AFRICOM conduct an airstrike killing eleven AQIM members near al-Uwaynat
Dec Dec 14th: Italian diplomat Giuseppe Buccino Grimaldi is appointed as Italy’s new ambassador to Libya
2019
Jan Jan 22nd: Italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini says France has no interest in stabilising the situation in Libya
Feb Feb 3rd: French fighter jets had launches airstrikes on armed groups that entered northern Chad from Libya
Mar Mar 20th: UN envoy to Libya announces that the UN National Conference will take place in Ghadames on 14-16 April
Apr Apr 15th: US President Donald Trump had a phone conversation with Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalifa Haftar
May May 5th: UNSMIL called for a week-long humanitarian truce to start on 6 May at 4:00am (local time), coinciding with the beginning of Ramadan

On 12 October, Acting Head of UNSMIL, Williams, met with Tunisian President Saied to begin discussing details of the LPDF scheduled to take place in Tunisia. On 14 October, Italian Foreign Minister di Maio met with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov. On 15 October, the UN released a statement asserting that the HoR and the HCS had agreed at the end of the 11-13 October talks in Cairo. On 16 October, the GNA said that the Foreign Minister, Siyala, had met with the Turkish Ambassador to Libya, Aksen. On 17 October, it was reported that Williams had been holding a series of meetings with mayors from municipalities across Libya.

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On 10 October, a group of EU ambassadors met with GNA Prime Minister al-Serraj in Tripoli. The same day, UNSMIL issued a press release stating that the LPDF would be held through a series of online sessions as well as face-to-face meetings. Also on 10 October, Acting Head of UNSMIL Williams said the UN would hold direct, face-to-face talks in Geneva beginning on 19 October between delegations of the 5+5 JMC. On 6 October, the UN adopted a proposal from the UNHRC to postpone investigations into human rights violations in Libya by the UN Fact-finding Mission in Libya.

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On 5 October, the UN and Germany began co-hosting a virtual meeting of the countries and IOs that took part in the Berlin Conference on Libya of January 2020. On 2 October, a draft 10-page plan prepared by the EU’s foreign policy office was unveiled. Also on 2 October, the Turkish MoD said that the UN had ‘registered’ the deal for demarcation of maritime boundaries reached between Turkey and the GNA. On 30 September, United States Defence Secretary Mark Esper travelled to Tunis.

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On 27 September, a second round of UN-mediated meetings was set to occur in Bouznika, Morocco, but was delayed. On 5 October, Germany plans to host the second ‘Berlin Conference’. On top of all this, French President Macron signalled that Paris was seeking to hold their own ‘talks on Libya’. On 25 September, an Algerian newspaper reported that several African countries refused to accept the appointment of former Bulgarian politician and UN diplomat Mladenov as the new UN Special Envoy. On 23 September, EU foreign policy chief Borrell announced that the EU was lifting sanctions on head of the HoR, Saleh, and President of the GNC Abu-Sahmain.

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On 17 September, details emerged of a Russian-brokered deal between the PC/GNA Deputy Prime Minister Maiteeq and Khalid Haftar, son of the head of the LNA. Also on 17 September, the UN released a statement welcoming Serraj’s announcement to resign. On 21 September, the EU imposed sanctions on 3 companies and 2 Libyan individuals.

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On 14 September, the Turkish Foreign Minister announced that consultations between Turkish and Russian interagency delegations on Libya and Syria will continue at a technical level. The same day, it was reported that the UNSC was planning on approving former Bulgarian politician and UN diplomat Nickolai Evtimov Mladenov as the new head of UNSMIL. On 10 September, participants of a two-day consultation held in Montreux, Switzerland under the auspices of the HD announced a supposed agreement on a roadmap for a comprehensive solution to the Libyan conflict. On 10 September, German and Italian warships intercepted an oil tanker on its way to Libya from the UAE suspected of carrying ‘a load of jet fuel likely to be used for military purposes.’

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