2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya’s neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with ‘terrorists’
Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli
Nov 30th: UN’s blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS
May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte
Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar’s envoys
Oct 25th: US ramps up airstrikes in Sirte
Nov Nov 27th: Haftar visits Moscow to request support and arms
Dec Dec 19th: US AFRICOM announced the conclusion of Operation Odyssey Lightening
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Italian ambassador returns to Libya
Jan 19th: US jets destroy 2 ISIS camps south of Sirte using precision-guided bombs
Feb Feb 7th: Serraj signs MoU on migration with Italy
Feb 14th: US vetoes appointment of former Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad as new UN Libya Envoy
Mar Mar 21th: The League of Arab States, the African Union, the EU and the UN establish Libya quartet
Apr Apr 19th: US Treasury sanctions Libyan financial facilitators of ISIS
May May 2nd: Serraj briefly meets Trump
May 30th: Egypt launches airstrikes in Derna and Jufra in retaliation for ISIS attack in Egypt
Jun Jun 16th: The UN Secretary General nominate Ghassan Salame as UN Special Envoy for Libya
Jul Jul 25th: LNA Commander Haftar and GNA PM agree to a ceasefire and 2018 elections
Aug Aug 28th: Macron hosts a meeting with EU and North African countries on the Libyan migrant crisis
Sep Sep 15th: The UN Security Council extend the UNSMIL mandate for another year
Sep 25th: Salame outlines the proposed new UN roadmap for Libya
Oct Oct 30th: The third round of ‘Libyan-Libyan’ meetings between LNA and Misrata military officers occurs in Cairo
Nov Nov 17: AFRICOM conducted airstrikes against ISIS targets near Fuqaha
Dec Dec 10th: Libyan military officers meet in Cairo for the 4th round of the Libyan army unification talks
2018
Jan Jan 17th: The Italian parliament votes to increase its military presence in Libya
Feb Feb 26th: The US impose sanctions on several Libyans
Mar Mar 24th: The US military undertake drone strikes targeting a house near Ubari
Apr Apr 5th: UNSMIL launch its first round of ‘consultative meetings’
May May 29th: French President Emmanuel Macron hosts the “Paris” Libya summit
Jun Jun 5th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Eshmikh
Jun 13th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Bani Walid
Jul Jul 7th: Italy reactivate Qadhafi era “friendship treaty”
Aug Aug 28th: U.S AFRICOM launch drone strike near Bani Walid
Sep Sep 11th: The UN Security Council Committee sanction rebel militant Ibrahim Jadhran
Oct Oct 16th: Italy’s Prime Minister declares that his country was ready to facilitate Libyan reconciliation
Nov Nov 29th: AFRICOM conduct an airstrike killing eleven AQIM members near al-Uwaynat
Dec Dec 14th: Italian diplomat Giuseppe Buccino Grimaldi is appointed as Italy’s new ambassador to Libya
2019
Jan Jan 22nd: Italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini says France has no interest in stabilising the situation in Libya
Feb Feb 3rd: French fighter jets had launches airstrikes on armed groups that entered northern Chad from Libya
Mar Mar 20th: UN envoy to Libya announces that the UN National Conference will take place in Ghadames on 14-16 April
Apr Apr 15th: US President Donald Trump had a phone conversation with Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalifa Haftar
May May 5th: UNSMIL called for a week-long humanitarian truce to start on 6 May at 4:00am (local time), coinciding with the beginning of Ramadan

On 26 May, AFRICOM assessed that Russia had deployed military fighter aircraft to Libya. Just before, PMCs belonging to the Russian Wagner Group had entered Bani Walid and some were being evacuated by air to Jufra. Over the last week, politicians from the US, Turkey, UAE, France and the UN called for a political solution in Libya.

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On 17 May, the Speaker of the HoR, Saleh, had a phone conversation with the German Ambassador Owcza. This followed exchanges with the Maltese and British Ambassadors. On 16 May, the head of the GNA, al-Serraj, held a phone call with the NATO Secretary-General Stoltenberg. Just a day before, Serraj, held a phone call with Turkish President Erdogan. On 15 May, the second batch of Turkish medical supplies delivered through Tunisia’s Djerba Airport arrived in Tripoli.

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On 7 May, the LNA launched shells within the vicinity of the GNA Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Supreme Court, and the Turkish and Italian Ambassadors’ residencies. On 11 May, the Foreign Ministers of Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece and the UAE issued a joint declaration in which they expressed concern over the current escalation in the Eastern Mediterranean.

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On 30 April, the GNA’s Foreign Minister issued a statement expressing deep concern to the French Foreign Ministry about the sighting of a French fighter jet over the skies of Misrata and Abu Grein. Throughout last week, most of the major international players in Libya have issued statements in reaction to LNA head Haftar’s speech on 27 April in which he declared he had the people’s mandate to abolish the LPA and establish military rule in Libya. The reactions of Haftar’s main backers, namely the UAE, Egypt and Russia, have varied.

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On 23 April, the head of the HoR, Saleh called for support for political reform. On 27 April, the acting UN Envoy to Libya, Stephanie Williams, welcomed Saleh’s political initiative. The US embassy in Libya reacted to Haftar’s televised address from 27 April.

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On 16 April, Ramtane Lamamra, the former head of the AU’s Commission for Peace and Security and former Algerian Finance Minister, withdrew from the race to become the UN Special Envoy to Libya. On 14 April, Russian Foreign Minister, Lavrov, claimed that the UNSC P5 have agreed to hold a summit. Over the course of the last week, politicians from the Eastern-based parallel administration had calls with Algerian and Russian officials respectively.

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