Timelines

2014
Jun June 27th: Prominent civil society activist, Salwa Bughagis, killed likely by Jihadists
Jul July 14th: Libyan Abu Mahjan Al-Ta’ifi Brigade sends 50 men to Iraq to support ISIS
Aug
Sep Sept 8th: HoR moves against the Mufti, adding an overt religious dimension to the HoR/GNC conflict
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: Shura Council of the Youth of Islam in Derna pledge their allegiance to ISIS, most high profile pledge to ISIS yet
Dec Dec 28th: Killing of Coptic doctor and daughter in Sirte and attack on Sidra both by ISIS precursor elements
2015
Jan Jan 19th: Coptic Christians abducted in Sirte
Feb Feb 16th: ISIS beheads 21 Egyptian Copts
Mar Mar 2nd: ISIS calls on fighters to come to Libya instead of Syria
Apr Apr 13th: Tripoli Wilaya of ISIS claim attacks against South Korean and Moroccan embassies
May May 11th: Clashes in Sirte btw Misratan 166 and local ISIS cells
Jun
Jul July 13th: In Twitter video ISIS acknowledges losses in Derna
Aug Aug 17th: Farjani uprising against ISIS in Sirte
Sep Sept 28th: Islamic State attacks the oil terminal at Sidra
Oct Oct 26th: Unidentified Jets bomb ISIS targets; executions continue in Sirte
Nov
Dec Dec 7th: In Tripoli, pro-GNC militias captured an alleged member of ISIS last week
Dec 15th: ISIS features Libya leader in Dabiq and establishes City Charter in Sirte
2016
Jan Jan 12th: 3-day ISIS assault on oil crescent ports
Jan 27th: Execution of 25 Sirte residents in the city square for various offenses
Feb Feb 17th: ISIS fights for survival in Benghazi and Derna, consolidating its forces in Sirte and Harwah
Mar Mar 22nd: After Brussels attacks videos show ISIS fighters in Sirte distributing celebratory candy
Apr Apr 5th: ISIS attacked the Al Beda 47 oil field, demands Sirte residents attend Fajr prayers
Apr 14th: Heavy fighting between ISIS and PFG between Bin Jawwad and Sidra
May May 9th: Surprise ISIS attack on Misratan forces in Abu Grein
May 30th: Significant gains by Bunyan Marsus GNA forces reduced ISIS to 200 km of coast line
Jun June 13th: Bunyan Marsus take full control of Sirte’s port
June 27th: Bunyan Marsus estimate only 500-700 ISIS fighters in Sirte
Jul July 25th: Fight in Sirte protracts as ISIS mounts SVBIEDs in Misratan-controlled areas
Aug Aug 1st: Serraj announces US airstrikes
Aug 29th: SVBIED attacks reveal ISIS strategy
Sep Sept 20th: ISIS seepage southwards confirmed by clashes
Oct Oct 4th: Dutch journalist killed by ISIS sniper
Oct 18th: BM forces declare imminent liberation of Sirte
Nov Nov 22nd: ISIS posts images of checkpoints south of Sirte
Dec Dec 20th: ISIS attack Man Mad River control station
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Captured ISIS fighters says missing Tunisian journalists killed in Derna
Jan 17th: ISIS sets up checkpoint in Wadi Bey, hijacks fuel tanker
Feb Feb 21th: US says obtained intelligence from ISIS camps hit by airstrikes. Displaced begin return to Sirte.
Mar Mar 28th: US AFRICOM estimates 100 – 200 ISIS fighters left in Libya
Apr Apr 25th: Libyan ISIS commander, Abdullah Dabbashi, killed in Sabratha
May May 7th: ISIS ambushes Misratan fighters south of Abu Grein
May 14th: ISIS hijacks fuel trucks south of Sirte
Jun Jun 14th: The LNA-affiliated 116 brigade arrest ISIS cell
Jul Jul 26th: Al-Bunyan al-Marsous anticipate ISIS attack on Sirte
Aug Aug 23rd: ISIS attack LNA-controlled al-Fugaha checkpoint in Jufra
Sep Sep 22nd: The US conduct an airstrike on a ISIS camp south-east of Sirte
Oct Oct 25th: ISIS attack the ‘Tisan’ checkpoint south of Ajdabiya
Nov Nov 15th: The LNA conduct two airstrikes against an ISIS target southeast of Sirte
Dec Dec 24th: A mass gave containing twenty ISIS fighters was uncovered in Sirte
2018
Jan Jan 11th: A would-be ISIS bomber surrenders to al-Bunyan al-Marsous
Feb Feb 21th: ISIS undertook a VBIED attack on a LNA checkpoint near Waddan
Mar Mar 11th: The Sirte Operations Room kill three ISIS leaders fleeing Derna
Apr Apr 19th: Civilians were injured in a shooting at an ISIS checkpoint near Marada
May May 7th: ISIS SVBIED targets LNA Checkpoint 60, south east of Ajdabiya
Jun Jun 2nd: ISIS fighters attack a police station in al-Qanan
Jul Jul 24th: ISIS fighters raided a police station in al-Uqaylah
Aug Aug 23rd: ISIS attack the Kaam checkpoint 20 km east of Khoms
Sep Sep 22nd: ISIS raid Libya’s National Oil Corporation offices in Tripoli
Oct Oct 12th: ISIS member Abdelhakim al-Mashout is arrested

2014
Jun June 9th: Ansar al-Sharia attempt to assassinate Haftar in Benghazi
Jul July 14th: Misratan and Zintani forces clashes over Tripoli Airport
Aug
Sep Sept 1st: Dawn announce creation of Tripoli Revolutionaries Shura Council
Oct
Nov
Dec Dec 14th: Operation Shuruq: Islamists advance on Oil Crescent
2015
Jan Jan 5th: Heavy fighting in Benghazi and Derna employing tanks and grad rockets
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun June 1st: PM Thinni survives assassination attempt in Tobruk
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct Oct 26th: Benghazi demonstrators killed by mortars
Nov
Dec Dec 15th: Jihadis establish roadblocks in Sabratha
2016
Jan Jan 5th: ARSC denied defection to IS; IS criticize BRSC
Feb Feb 9th: Mystery air raids on Derna kill affiliates of DMSC
Mar Mar 8th: Links between Ansar Sharia and BRSC clarified; decline of non-ISIS jihadis
Apr
May May 9th: ISIS withdrawn from Derna after defeat by DMSC
Jun June 6th: Hardline Eastern Islamist establish Mufti-backed Benghazi Defense Brigades (BDB)
Jul Jul 18th: BDB claimed shoot down French advisors in LNA helicopter
Aug Aug 1st: Anti-GNA Islamist demonstrations in Tripoli
Aug 29th: Jihadi media release video of children allegedly killed by French airstrikes
Sep Sept 13th: Militias tensions over GNA grow in Tripoli
Oct Oct 11th: Notable Islamic scholar kidnapped by anti-Mufti militias
Nov Nov 18th: LNA retake Guwarsha gate from BRSC in Benghazi
Dec Dec 1st: Clashes in Tripoli between GNA militias and militias loyal to Sadeq al-Ghariani
Dec 26th: LNA bombs BDB fighters in Hun, provokes Misrata
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Group of jihadist fighters fled from Sabri and Ganfuda in Benghazi; the LNA captured many of them
Feb
Mar Mar 6th: BDB launches surprise attack and seizes Oil Crescent ports from LNA
Mar 14th: LNA launches counter-offensive against BDB and retakes Oil Crescent
Mar 21th: LNA declares Ganfuda fully liberated from jihadists
Apr  Apr 4th: DMSC states it only recognises the authority of Libya’s Dar al-Ifta
May  May 8th: LNA launches full ground and air assault against jihadists in Sabri and Souq al-Hout
May 27th: Ansar al-Sharia announces official disbandment
Jun June 28th: The BDB announced it will dissolve itself and that some members will enlist in the formation of a legitimate Libyan army
Jul Jul 23rd: A new video was released of notorious LNA senior commander Mahmoud al-Werfalli directing the execution of 18 prisoners of war believed to belong to ISIS
Aug Aug 28th: Misratan security forces arrested Usama Jadhran in Misrata for his alleged membership of Ansar al-Sharia and connections with ISIS
Sep Seb 5th: Misrata Counter Terrorism Unit arrested a senior member of the BDB, Ahmed Bakir, for alleged cooperation with ISIS and supplying foreign mercenaries to extremist groups
Oct Oct 23rd: Rada arrested two senior members of the DMSC
Nov Nov 27th: The LNA conducted an airstrike on DMSC targets in Derna
Dec Dec 17th: The DMSC stepped up its anti-ISIS operations
2018
Jan Dec 28: The LNA announced the full purge of jihadist forces from Benghazi
Feb Feb 9th: A double bombing occurred in Benghazi
Mar Mar 18th: The LNA released details of the arrest of 16 alleged “terrorists” in the Kufra region
Apr Apr 12th: LNA forces arrested an Ansar al-Sharia figure Salem Abdul Qaway al-Gaddafi
May May 29th: The Derna Mujahadeen Shura Council has now renamed itself the Derna Protection Force
Jun June 25th: The leader of the Derna Protection Forces was reportedly killed
Jul Jul 25th: Airstrikes target al-Qaeda affiliates in Ubari
Aug Aug 28th: Abdulkader Al-Zwai died following a raid on his home in Misrata.
Sep Seb 21st: Al-Qaeda launched an attack on senior security official in Sebha
Oct Oct 8th: The LNA captured former Egyptian Special Forces officer turned jihadist Hisham al-Ashmawy

2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya’s neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with ‘terrorists’
Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli
Nov 30th: UN’s blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS
May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte
Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar’s envoys
Oct 25th: US ramps up airstrikes in Sirte
Nov Nov 27th: Haftar visits Moscow to request support and arms
Dec Dec 19th: US AFRICOM announced the conclusion of Operation Odyssey Lightening
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Italian ambassador returns to Libya
Jan 19th: US jets destroy 2 ISIS camps south of Sirte using precision-guided bombs
Feb  Feb 7th: Serraj signs MoU on migration with Italy
Feb 14th: US vetoes appointment of former Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad as new UN Libya Envoy
Mar Mar 21th: The League of Arab States, the African Union, the EU and the UN establish Libya quartet
Apr  Apr 19th: US Treasury sanctions Libyan financial facilitators of ISIS
May  May 2nd: Serraj briefly meets Trump
May 30th: Egypt launches airstrikes in Derna and Jufra in retaliation for ISIS attack in Egypt
Jun Jun 16th: The UN Secretary General nominate Ghassan Salame as UN Special Envoy for Libya
Jul Jul 25th: LNA Commander Haftar and GNA PM agree to a ceasefire and 2018 elections
Aug Aug 28th: Macron hosts a meeting with EU and North African countries on the Libyan migrant crisis
Sep Sep 15th: The UN Security Council extend the UNSMIL mandate for another year
Sep 25th: Salame outlines the proposed new UN roadmap for Libya
Oct Oct 30th: The third round of ‘Libyan-Libyan’ meetings between LNA and Misrata military officers occurs in Cairo
Nov Nov 17: AFRICOM conducted airstrikes against ISIS targets near Fuqaha
Dec Dec 10th: Libyan military officers meet in Cairo for the 4th round of the Libyan army unification talks
2018
Jan Jan 17th: The Italian parliament votes to increase its military presence in Libya
Feb Feb 26th: The US impose sanctions on several Libyans
Mar Mar 24th: The US military undertake drone strikes targeting a house near Ubari
Apr Apr 5th: UNSMIL launch its first round of ‘consultative meetings’
May May 29th: French President Emmanuel Macron hosts the “Paris” Libya summit
Jun Jun 5th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Eshmikh
Jun 13th: U.S AFRICOM conduct a drone strike near Bani Walid
Jul Jul 7th: Italy reactivate Qadhafi era “friendship treaty”
Aug Aug 28th: U.S AFRICOM launch drone strike near Bani Walid
Sep Sep 11th: The UN Security Council Committee sanction rebel militant Ibrahim Jadhran
Oct Oct 16th: Italy’s Prime Minister declares that his country was ready to facilitate Libyan reconciliation

2014
Jun June 21st: Haftar says ‘terrorists should leave now or die here.’ Mufti calls for anti-Haftar jihad
Jul
Aug Aug 3rd: BRSC overrun Saiqa base in Benghazi
Aug 25th: HoR responds to the triumph of Libya Dawn by branding it terrorists
Sep
Oct Oct 19th: Hafter reverses slide in Benghazi with major offensive
Nov Nov 23rd: Haftar courts Ferjan tribe of Sirte in Dawn/Dignity wars
Dec Dec 14th: Anti-ISIS coalition between Haftar and DMSC in response to Shuruq
2015
Jan
Feb Feb 16th: Egypt bombs Derna
Mar Mar 28th: Misrata tries to dislodge ISIS from Sirte
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug Aug 17th: Rebellion against ISIS in Sirte
Sep Sept 28th: Heavy fighting across the east, cooperation between LNA & DMSC
Oct
Nov Nov 23rd: Assassinations in Ajdabiya stoke tensions between LNA and PFG
Dec Dec 22nd: Joint Operations Room set up in Sabratha after explosions
2016
Jan Jan 5th: Jadhran says Haftar is as bad as ISIS
Feb
Mar Mar 2nd: LNA declares Ajdabiya liberated and makes significant gains in Benghazi
Mar 29th: Misrata militias declare support for GNA
Apr Apr 5th: UN-mediated Presidential Council arrives in Tripoli
May May 9th: PC sets up operations room to combat ISIS in Sirte area
Jun June 6th: GNA reinstates Jadhran as head of PFG, advances on Sirte
Jul July 11th: LNA suffers setbacks after suicide attacks, Jadhran occupies Zueitina port
Aug Aug 22nd: HoR rejects GNA, tensions grow in Tripoli between rival militias
Sep Sept 13th: Haftar seizes oil crescent ports from Jadhran
Oct Oct 4th: Haftar and LNA continue militarization of eastern Libya
Oct 14th: Khalifa al-Ghwell seizes Rixos in Tripoli in coup attempt
Nov  Nov 1st: Third Force cede control of Brak al-Shatti to LNA
Nov 28th: PM Serraj says PC will not submit new cabinet  to HoR
Dec  Dec 7th: BDB forces attempt to retake oil ports from LNA, LNA extend control to Brak al-Shati
2017
Jan Jan 3rd: PC deputy prime minister for South Musa al-Koni resigns
Jan 31st: Dialogue group agree in principle amendments to the LPA
Feb  Feb 14th: Anti-GNA militias form ‘Libyan National guard’ as tensions rise in Tripoli
Mar Mar 7th: GNA condemns BDB takeover of oil crescent ports
Mar 21st: Pro-GNA militias evict Ghwell from Tripoli
Apr  Apr 11th: Clashes escalate between LNA and Misratans near Sebha
Apr 25th: Saleh and Swehli meet in Rome
May  May 23rd: GNA-affiliated forces kill up to 140 LNA fighters in surprise attack on Brak al-Shatti airbase
May 30th: Pro-GNA militias evict hard-line anti-GNA militias from Tripoli
Jun Jun 14th: A Zintani militia claims to have released Saif al-Islam al-Qadhafi.
Jun 17th: A convoy of anti-GNA militias from Misrata attempted to deploy to Tripoli.
Jul Jul 14th: GNA President Serraj announced a new plan to realize the LPA, which would include parliamentary and Presidential elections.
Jul 25th: LNA Commander Haftar and GNA PM Serraj have ‘committed to a ceasefire’
Aug Aug 29th: Haftar, Nayed and Igtit have indirectly launched their bids for candidacy in prospective presidential elections in 2018
Sep Sep 16th: Clashes broke out in Sabratha among units affiliated with the Anas Dabbashi Brigade and the 48 Brigade
Oct Oct 6th: The Anti-ISIS Operations Room announced its control of Sabratha after defeating the Anas Dabbashi Brigade
Nov Nov 20th: The HoR voted to approve the proposed amendments to the 2015 Libyan Political Agreement (LPA)
Nov 23rd: The HCS President Swehli issued a statement rejecting the HoR vote
Dec Dec 6th: UN Envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame co-chaired the official launch of the voter registration process for elections in 2018
Dec 17th: The 17 December ‘expiry’ date of the LPA was marked by an official television announcement from Khalifa Haftar declaring the LPA and its institutions expired
2018
Jan Jan 24th: Mahmoud al-Werfalli publicly executed 10 people imprisoned by the LNA in Benghazi following a double bomb attack in the city.
Feb Feb 7th: Mahmoud al-Werfalli, a LNA commander wanted by the ICC, handed himself into the LNA for questioning.
Mar Mar 20th: The sixth round of discussions aimed at unifying Libya’s military concluded in Cairo.
Apr Apr 10th: Unconfirmed reports began circulating that LNA commander Khalifa Haftar was transferred a hospital France.
Apr 8th: Khalid Mishri was elected as the President of the High Council of State.
May May 7th: Khalifa Haftar announced that the ‘zero hour’ for the ‘liberation’ of Derna had begun.
May 11th: The PC announced a decree that would significantly expand the powers of the Rada
Jun Jun 14th: Forces under the command of Ibrahim Jadhran attacked and took control of Sidra and Ras Lanuf oil ports
Jun 25th: Khalifa Haftar ordered all ports ‘liberated’ from Ibrahim Jadhran to be handed over to the Benghazi-based National Oil Corporation
Jul Jul 10th: Forces under the command of Ibrahim Jadhran attacked and took control of Sidra and Ras Lanuf oil ports
Jul 11th: The NOC lifted force majeure on all of the Oil Crescent ports and Tobruq’s Hariga port
Aug Aug 26th: The Kani militia deployed from Tarhuna to south Tripoli
Sep Sep 25th: A ceasefire was brokered between the Tripoli Protection Force and Tarhuna’s 7th Brigade
Oct Oct 6th: The GNA and its new UN-backed Security Arrangements Committee announced new security arrangements in Tripoli
Nov Nov 7th: The Governors of competing Central Banks of Libya reach a consensus on audit terms