The Islamic State’s Revitalization in Libya and its Post-2016 War of Attrition March 2019 On 21 March, The Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) released its March issue of Sentinel (Volume 12, issue 3), to which Libya-Analysis Jason Pack and Lachlan Wilson contributed with an article entitled ‘The Islamic State’s Revitalization in Libya and its Post-2016 War of Attrition’. Jason Pack is President of Libya …

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Jason Pack —  Founder & Emeritus Director Jason Pack is the Founder & Emeritus Director of Eye on ISIS in Libya. Currently, he is working as a Non-Resident Fellow at the Middle East Institute, where his writings focus on the unique dysfunctionalities of the  Libyan Economy.  Over the course of 2020, he plans to work on a popular book exploring what Libya’s dysfunctional economic structures …

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Militias Struggle for Control in Tripoli 10 September 2018 Libya-Analysis Founder Jason Pack was on TRT WORLD, where he discussed the recent militia tensions in Tripoli and the attack by gunmen on the Tripoli National Oil Corporation (NOC) headquarters. Understanding the Militia Tensions in Tripoli 4 September 2018 Libya-Analysis Managing Director Rhiannon Smith spoke on Voice of America’s ‘Africa News …

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Recommended literature about Libya, jihadism and related issues Books El-Khawas, Mohamed A. 1986. Qaddafi: his ideology in theory and practice. Brattleboro, Vt: Amana Books. Vandewalle, Dirk. 2012. A history of modern Libya. New York: Cambridge University Press. Vandewalle, Dirk J. 2009. Libya since 1969: Qadhafi’s revolution revisited. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Otman, Waniss A., and Erling Karlberg. 2007. The Libyan Economy Economic Diversification …

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Days before the Italian president’s visit to the White House on 9 February, US Secretary of Defense Ash Carter reportedly told media that the Italians have indicated that they want the lead in Libya, an impulse the US is willing to support. … Meanwhile Russian media is reporting that Russian Ambassador to Libya Ivan Moltokov has unveiled his country’s intention to fight terrorism, also saying that Russia has approached the UN Security Council with a request to lift arms sanctions against Libya to enable its fight against ISIS.

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Ibrahim Beit al-Mal, the head of the Misrata Military Council (MMC), the local umbrella of all Misratan militias, unveiled preparations to liberate Sirte from ISIS on 6 February… Meanwhile, al-Mal accused the GNC of insincerity, saying the GNC is not serious about fighting ISIS.

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The Benghazi Revolutionary Shura Council (BRSC) has issued a new statement condemning the GNA as an international ‘puppet’ government. Additionally, the BRSC warned that the GNA is a conspiratorial project serving ascover for international intervention. The BRSC drew a parallel to the Iraqi experience, claiming the GNA will seek to control the Libya via a ‘Green Zone’ in Tripoli.

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The international community continues to push ahead with plans to intervene decisively in Libya, including statements to that effect by the US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff last week. Despite the obvious urgency for such international assistance to counter ISIS in Libya, the political disconnect between the UN and international missions with the Libyan context, means that the …

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Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) The DMSC issued a new statement after Hijazi’s remarks against Haftar, re-denouncing Operation Dignity, the coalition of militias and fighters associated with Haftar’s LNA, and reaffirming their position against it. The DMSC also dismissed Hijazi’s comments ‘equating ISIS with its sisters’ (which is seen as a reference to the jihadi councils and Islamist militias affiliated …

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Although ISIS do not control any oil ports yet, new reports suggest that British SAS Special Forces could be preparing to lead an international team to take back control of any oil fields which would fall under ISIS control. At present this seems infeasible, as the international community first needs the Government of National Accord (GNA) to constitute itself in …

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The ongoing IS attack on Sidra, while representing a grave local and international threat, also represents an important opportunity for the formation of a genuinely Libyan Anti-ISIS coalition… After the HoR-affiliated, Federalist-dominated PFG successfully pushed ISIS out of Sidra on Monday, the head of the force, Ibrahim Jadhran, issued a heated statement attacking Haftar, saying that he is the other side of the ISIS coin, implicitly accusing him of destabilizing Ajdabiya via the latest LNA offensive against local Islamist militias in the city.

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ISIS told residents that anyone caught celebrating Libya’s independence day, Christmas or New Year’s Eve would be punished. Last week, a young local who participated in the revolt against ISIS in the summer was also executed…. New reports suggest that the group is using land in Harawah previously owned by Col. Abdallah Mansour, a Qadhafi loyalist, as training grounds for their fighters.

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Ibrahim Dabbashi, Libyan ambassador to the UN, told La Stampa newspaper: “Italy, France, Britain and the United States are preparing air strikes to hit the bases of ISIS in Sirte. I believe that as soon as the political conditions allow, they will take action.”

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The threat of ISIS in Misrata been bolstered after reports of a local group calling itself ‘Mujahedeen Misrata’, announced loyalty or ‘Baya’ to the international group in an audio message…. The local council of Sabratha issued a strong statement rejecting sensational claims made by a new Libyan satellite TV channel (218) that ISIS is in ‘‘control’’ of its city.

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Without local ownership and unity behind the GNA, those claiming rightful Jihad against a western imposed colonial government will be vindicated, providing all the ingredients for a potent mix of local ISIS terrorism, civil war and long term chaos in the country.

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On Sunday night 20 Dec, there were new reports of ‘unidentified’ low-flying, surveillance aircraft over ISIS territory east of Sirte, near Noufaliyah, Um Qandil and Bin Jawwad, a town just 40km from Sidra and Ras Lanuf, the largest oil terminals in Libya. Sources speculate that the aircraft are likely French jets flying from the French Carrier Charles De Gaulle…. In fact, prominent Islamists and political hardliners in Tripoli are saying that the purpose of the GNA is to rubber stamp international intervention against all Islamist forces, a potently dangerous rhetoric as it risks emboldening extremist groups and IS even further. In a recent statement by Dar Al Ifta, the religious establishment headed by the Grand Mufti in Tripoli, Sadeq Al Gheryani, the GNA is deemed against Sharia due to its illegitimate and unconstitutional origins.

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