On 13 October, an LNA commander expressed concern that Turkey might attempt to transfer hundreds of extremists belonging to Jabhat al-Nusra from northern Syria to western Libya, via Turkey, to fight amongst the anti-LNA coalition.

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On 5 October, the LNA launched airstrikes on Misrata International Airport. Ahmed al-Mesmari said that the LNA had launched four raids targeting four military targets in Sirte. On 3 October, the spokesperson for the SPF confirmed that the LNA had launched airstrikes targeting al-Qardabiya base.

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On 25 September, the head of the GNA, Fayez al-Serraj, gave a speech at the UN General Assembly in New York claiming he would never sit at the negotiating table with Khalifa Haftar. A few hours after Serraj’s address, the LNA released a statement arguing it had “always called for peace.”

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During the last week, the Libyan National Army (LNA) has increased its aerial attacks on anti-LNA forces in southern Tripoli, with a specific focus on reducing their aerial and drone assets. Heavy fighting has been reported within and in proximity to the Tripoli International Airport (TIA), Aziziyya, al-Asebea, and Khallat al-Furjan.

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On 13 September, the commander of the LNA’s 9th Brigade Abdel Wahab al-Magari, the commander of the 7th Brigade/Kani militia Mohsen Kani and his brother Abdel Adeem Kani were killed in southern Tripoli. On 13 September, the GNA claimed its air forces successfully targeted the LNA’s operations room located at the Jufra airbase while the LNA has stated it repelled the attack. On 16 September, the LNA launched aerial strikes targeting the GNA-aligned Sirte Protection Force (SPF) in Sirte.

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On 26 and 30 August, the LNA launched an assault on the mountain town Ghariyan but were repelled. On 28 August, anti-LNA forces launched an assault on LNA forces along the Zatarna axis in south-eastern Tripoli. On 31 August, four projectiles struck Mitiga airport in Tripoli, damaging the runway and hitting a passenger jet operated by Libyan Airlines.

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On 21 August, anti-LNA forces made an advance into al-Asabea. On 25 August, heavy clashes occurred between LNA and anti-LNA forces 45 km southeast of Ghariyan and Ghout al-Reeh. On 26 August, the LNA claimed control of three villages south of Ghariyan.

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LNA airstrikes in western Libya have increased over the last week, targeting sites in Zuwara, Abu Kammash, Tripoli and Misrata. In Murzuq, clashes between Tebu and LNA-aligned groups escalated, leading to widespread displacement.

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On 9 August, the GNA accepted the UN’s call for a temporary ceasefire for Eid. On 10 August, Haftar announced that his forces would also temporarily cease military operations. However, several violations of the truce occurred. On 10 August, the LNA deployed additional forces to Murzuq to engage with ‘Chadian opposition forces’.

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The LNA conducted several airstrikes throughout last week. On 4 August, at least 42 people were killed and more than 60 injured after an LNA aerial attack hit a town hall meeting in Murzuq. On 5 August, the LNA hit Misrata Air College.

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On 26 July, the Government of National Accord’s (GNA) Volcano of Wrath operation published a statement claiming to have destroyed a hanger of drones and a cargo plane at the Libyan National Army’s (LNA) Jufra airbase. Later the same day, the LNA claimed it had hit more than ten targets at the Misrata Air College, destroying an air defence system and UAV platforms.

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On 22 July, a LNA L-39 Albatross fighter jet made an emergency landing on a road in Beni Khadash in eastern Tunisia. On 21 July, the LNA spokesperson, Ahmed al-Mismari, said the LNA had drawn up its final plan to capture Tripoli. The following day the LNA launched it “second wave” assault to capture the capital. On 18 July, the HCS published a statement accusing France, the UAE, and Egypt of assisting the LNA.

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On 16 July, the Governments of Egypt, France, Italy, UAE, UK, and the US issued a statement calling for an immediate de-escalation and halt to the current fighting. On 11 July, the UN Deputy Envoy to Libya, met with the senior leadership of the eastern-based CBL. On 8 July, the Javelin anti-tank missiles discovered amidst LNA forces in Ghariyan were confirmed to belong to France.

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On 2 July, an airstrike killed at least 53 people and injured 130 more after striking a detention centre in the Tajoura suburb of Tripoli. On 6 July, the LNA announce a ‘second wave’ mobilisation to take Tripoli. On 7 July, the LNA conducted additional aerial attacks on Mitiga airport. On 7 July, GNA-affiliated forces tried to fully take Qasr Ben Ghashir and the area surrounding the Tripoli International Airport from LNA forces. On 8 July, the LNA elevated Major Mahmoud al-Werfalli to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

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On 28 June, the LNA banned all commercial flights from Libya to Turkey. On 29 June, the Turkish Foreign Ministry demanded the release of six Turkish citizens by the LNA “otherwise the elements of Haftar will become a legitimate target.” On 29 June, the US State and Defence Departments opened an investigation to look into how American-made weapons had found their way to Libya.

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