On 22 December, reports suggest an ISIS convoy was observed moving from Ghadduwa in the direction of Murzuq in southern Libya.

On 31 December, the Libyan National Army’s (LNA) military information division claimed a fighter attempted to undertake a failed suicide attack wearing an “explosive belt” targeting the Tariq bin Ziyad Battalion stationed in Abu Salim, in southern Tripoli. Photos of the incident on social media showed a figure cloaked in an ISIS flag.