On 29 May, French President Emmanuel Macron hosted a Libya summit in Paris designed to bring together Government of National Accord (GNA) Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, President of the House of Representatives (HoR) Agilah Saleh, President of the High Council of State (HCS) Khaled Mishri, and General Commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalifa Haftar. All four men attended the meeting, despite the HCS initially setting out pre-conditions for participation that included an immediate ceasefire in Derna.

After the meeting, it was announced that the four leaders had agreed to hold ‘credible, peaceful’ parliamentary and presidential elections on 10 December 2018, and to respect the results of the election. They also agreed that by 16 September 2018, they would establish the ’constitutional basis’ for elections though Serraj clarified that it had not been decided whether this would mean amending existing legislation or approving a new constitution. The 8-point final declaration (the draft was 11 points) was endorsed, but not signed, by the four men. It includes commitments to ‘phasing out parallel government and institutions’ and unifying the Central Bank of Libya (CBL).