On 26 February, the US imposed sanctions on several Libyan, Maltese and Egyptian firms, traders and ships reportedly participating in oil smuggling. On 23 February, the US and GNA signed an agreement to restrict the import of Libyan cultural property to the US.

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On 12 – 14 February, the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue facilitated talks between a range of different senior Libyan actors in Geneva. On 15 February, the Egyptian army announced it had foiled an “infiltration attempt” on the Libyan border. On 13 February, it was confirmed the UNGA had suspended Libya’s right to vote at the UN for the third year in a row.

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On 9 February, US President Donald Trump extended the national emergency pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act for Libya. On 12 February, Ambassador of the Netherlands to Libya announced the opening of a diplomatic office in Tripoli. On 8 February, the Italian government announced an additional 80 million Euros in its African Fund to fight illegal migration.

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On 1 February, UNSMIL said more than 200 tons of Explosive Remnants of War had been destroyed in Libya. On 1 February, HRW published a report suggesting armed groups with links to Khalifa Haftar’s LNA are preventing at least 3,700 families from returning to Benghazi. On 1 February, Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, launched the new Joint Operation Themis to assist Italy in its border control activities.

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UNSMIL and the ICC have condemned the summary executions of 10 LNA prisoners by Mahmoud al-Werfalli in Benghazi on 24 January and called for the implementation of the ICC arrest warrant for Werfalli. On 25 January, UNSMIL launched an appeal for US$313 million from donors as part of its 2018 Libya Humanitarian Response Plan.

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On 17 January, the Italian parliament voted to increase its military presence in Libya to combat illegal immigration and counter terrorism threats. Italian forces are currently positioned in Misrata to manage the military hospital established in September 2016 during the anti-ISIS operations in Sirte.

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On 10 January, UN Under Secretary General Jeffery Feltman visited Libya and held meetings with Government of National Accord institutions in Tripoli. Feltman reiterated the UN’s backing of UN Envoy Ghassan Salame’s Libya Action Plan, stating there was a “window of opportunity” to successfully end the transition with the Libyan Political Agreement.

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On 8 January, Government of National Accord (GNA) head Fayez al-Serraj met with UN Envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame in Tripoli to discuss the latest political developments in Libya. On 5 January, the German Foreign and Defense Ministries completed the destruction of components from Muammar al-Qadhafi’s chemicals weapons programme.

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There has been growing international criticism of Libyan National Army general commander Khalifa Haftar following his speech on 17 December where he declared the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) and its institutions expired. On 21 December, French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian visited Haftar and had ‘frank discussions’ for an hour, after which he told press that he told Haftar ‘there …

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On 17 December, a new joint statement was issued by the regional troika, Tunisia, Egypt and Algeria, reaffirming their full backing to the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) and the military unification process. A statement issued by the UN Security Council President on 15 December, as well as statements by the UN envoy Ghassan Salame throughout the last two weeks, maintain that the 17 December date was a ‘non-date’ and that the LPA remains the only legitimate political framework. On December 12, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov held talks with the GNA Foreign Minister Mohamed Siala in Moscow.

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On 10 December, Libyan military officers met in Cairo for the 4th round of the Libyan army unification talks. On December 4, Fayez al-Serraj and US Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin discussed the importance of continued cooperation between the U.S and Libya in countering the financing of terrorism.

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On 30 November, Government of National Accord (GNA) Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj met with Secretary of Defense James Mattis at the Pentagon to discuss defense relationships and regional security challenges. This included concerns about how ISIS and al-Qaeda are “taking advantage of ungoverned spaces in Libya to establish sanctuaries for plotting inspiring and directing terrorist attacks.” Serraj said he was …

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AFRICOM confirmed that US forces conducted two airstrikes against ISIS targets near Fuqaha on 17 and 19 November. On 22 November, the Egyptian air force said that it destroyed 10 vehicles attempting to smuggle arms and ammunition through Libya’s western border into Egypt. The Anti Terror Quartet countries added more Libyan nationals to its ‘terrorist’ list.

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On 18 November, the head of the GNA, Fayez al-Serraj, held a meeting with US Deputy Secretary of State John J. Sullivan in Libya. During the meeting Serraj requested the US continue supporting Libya by helping to “sufficiently” arm its anti-terror organizations. Salame said joint tribunals may be one solution to address lawlessness and impunity in Libya.

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On 9 November, Mustafa al-Imam, a suspect in the September 2012 attack against the US Special Mission in Benghazi entered a plea of not guilty to terrorism-related charges in the US District Court. President Sisi claims ISIS fighters are entering Egypt through Libya as the Egyptian military claims it destroyed 10 vehicles carrying weapons from Libya. ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda promised to seek new arrest warrants in Libya if war crimes continue.

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2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya's neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with 'terrorists' Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli Nov 30th: UN's blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar's envoys Oct 25th: US ramps up airstrikes in Sirte
Nov Nov 27th: Haftar visits Moscow to request support and arms
Dec Dec 19th: US AFRICOM announced the conclusion of Operation Odyssey Lightening
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Italian ambassador returns to Libya Jan 19th: US jets destroy 2 ISIS camps south of Sirte using precision-guided bombs
Feb Feb 7th: Serraj signs MoU on migration with Italy Feb 14th: US vetoes appointment of former Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad as new UN Libya Envoy
Mar Mar 21th: The League of Arab States, the African Union, the EU and the UN establish Libya quartet
Apr Apr 19th: US Treasury sanctions Libyan financial facilitators of ISIS
May May 2nd: Serraj briefly meets Trump May 30th: Egypt launches airstrikes in Derna and Jufra in retaliation for ISIS attack in Egypt
Jun
Jul
Aug