UNSC P5 issued a joint statement calling on all Libyan parties to settle differences through political processes, however the UNSC has still not agreed on a replacement for Kobler as UN Libya envoy.

Read Full Post

Head of US AFRICOM warns that Russia is trying to influence outcome in Libya as Reuters reports that Russian Special Forces are stationed at an Egyptian airbase just across from the Libyan border

Read Full Post

Egypt issued a statement calling for Libyan parties to continue with political negotiations, but did not mention the BDB advances against the LNA. The UN, UK, US and France have condemned the escalation of violence.

Read Full Post

On 20 February, Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt issued a ministerial declaration which stressed a ‘Libyan-Libyan’ political solution with regional and UN mediation within the framework of the LPA

Read Full Post

Serraj is due to meet with Haftar in Cairo on 14 February, after a planned meeting on 13 February was postponed. Serraj is expected to present a new political roadmap for the Libyan crisis, with the blessing of Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt.

Read Full Post

Last week, GNA PM Fayez al-Serraj signed an MoU with Italy agreeing to reduce the number of migrants leaving Libya in return for support for the Libyan coast guard and funding for detention centers in Libya. The EU approved the deal and will contribute its own funding to anti-smuggling support measures.

Read Full Post

On 30 January, Turkey became the second country to reopen its embassy in Tripoli saying it would “support the territorial integrity and national unity of brotherly Libya”, while Egypt continues its diplomatic efforts to bring rival Libyan factions together in negotiations.

Read Full Post

On 19 January, American B-2 stealth bombers destroyed two ISIS camps approximately 44 km south-west of Sirte, dropping more than 100 precision-guided bombs on the targets. On 21 January, a VBIED exploded near the Italian embassy in Tripoli.

Read Full Post

On 11 January, Khalifa Haftar, the commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA), was formally received aboard the Admiral Kuznetsov, Russia’s only aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean. On 14 January, Haftar summoned the senior LNA commanders from the east, west and south of Libya for a high-level meeting with HoR President.

Read Full Post

On 9 January, the Italian Foreign Ministry announced it was sending its ambassador back to Libya. It is the first Western diplomatic mission to reopen in the country.  The statement said the ambassador would present his credentials to the GNA on 10 January and would start work in Tripoli immediately.

Read Full Post

Internationally, diplomacy efforts are gaining pace with Russia demanding a formal political role for Marshall Haftar, Algeria trying to broker dialogue between Haftar and the Islamists, and Egypt trying to pursue demands for amending the LPA and reforming the GNA.

Read Full Post

Last week, US AFRICOM concluded Operation Odyssey Lightning in Sirte while support is being given to the Stabilisation Facility for Libya. On 23 December, an internal Libya flight was hijacked and flown to Malta, where the hijackers were apprehended.

Read Full Post

Last week, the UN held a conference in Tunis to discuss how the international community can support the GNA’s fledgling presidential guard. A number of high-level diplomatic events in Egypt, Russia and Algeria also took place that may indicate a shift towards a more Haftar-inclusive approach to the Libyan peace process at an international level.  

Read Full Post

On 6 December, UN Envoy to Libya Martin Kobler told the UN Security Council (UNSC) that although the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) was ‘the only solution’ to the Libyan problem, its terms were ‘not set in stone’. This raises the possibility that the terms of the LPA may be renegotiated. Any reworking of the LPA will presumably favour General Khalifa …

Read Full Post
2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya's neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with 'terrorists' Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli Nov 30th: UN's blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar's envoys Oct 25th: US ramps up airstrikes in Sirte
Nov Nov 27th: Haftar visits Moscow to request support and arms
Dec Dec 19th: US AFRICOM announced the conclusion of Operation Odyssey Lightening
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Italian ambassador returns to Libya Jan 19th: US jets destroy 2 ISIS camps south of Sirte using precision-guided bombs
Feb Feb 7th: Serraj signs MoU on migration with Italy Feb 14th: US vetoes appointment of former Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad as new UN Libya Envoy
Mar Mar 21th: The League of Arab States, the African Union, the EU and the UN establish Libya quartet
Apr Apr 19th: US Treasury sanctions Libyan financial facilitators of ISIS
May May 2nd: Serraj briefly meets Trump May 30th: Egypt launches airstrikes in Derna and Jufra in retaliation for ISIS attack in Egypt
Jun
Jul
Aug