Both in the lead-up to, and the aftermath of, al-Ghwell’s ‘coup’ attempt, Tripoli witnessed several minor clashes between various pro-GNA and anti-GNA militias all across the city, while in Benghazi fighting continues between the LNA and BSRC and ISIS fighters in Ganfuda and Sabri.

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Fighting continues between LNA forces and jihadists in Benghazi, with the LNA also extending raids into nearby towns. In Tripoli, tensions are growing between pro-GNA militias and hardline Islamists, with one of the Mufti’s close associates being kidnapped last week.

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In Tripoli, tensions are growing between local Tripoli militias and their hard-line Islamist rivals, with a spate of kidnappings and assassinations taking place last week. In Benghazi and Derna, intermittent fighting continues between LNA forces and their jihadist rivals.

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Fighting between LNA forces and jihadist groups continued last week in Benghazi and Derna, with little tangible progress taking place. The Benghazi Defence Brigades have been accused of launching airstrikes against LNA forces in the southern town of Jufra, which killed several civilians.

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Fighting in Benghazi reduced dramatically in the last week, with only intermittent clashes taking place between the Libyan National Army (LNA) and jihadists, while the LNA continues to launch airstrikes against Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) positions in Derna.

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Fighting between the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) and the LNA in Derna has intensified this week with several clashes taking place in and around the city. In Tripoli, tensions between pro-GNA and anti-GNA militias appears to be growing, with two car explosions taking place on 8 September near key GNA facilities.

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In Derna, tensions between the Libyan National Army and jihadist forces are growing, with jihadist fighters attempting to launch a botched suicide attack against the LNA last week. There are reports of jihadist fighters from the Benghazi Defence Brigades tricking into Tripoli in anticipation of GNA fighters returning to the capital following the imminent defeat of ISIS in Sirte.

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In Benghazi, conflict continues between the Libya National Army (LNA) and the coalition of ISIS and Benghazi Revolutionary Shura Council. Fighting intensified in parts of Guwarsha and Ganfuda throughout last week, as jihadists still manage to launch suicide attacks and mortar fire on advancing LNA units… On 28 August, jihadist media outlets released a video showing the recovery of bodies of children killed on 27 August in Ganfuda allegedly by French airstrikes. Families and supporters of jihadists held demonstrations in Tripoli on 29 August in front of the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Abu Setta Naval Base in Tripoli condemning the attacks and calling for humanitarian assistance of the families trapped in the war-zone.

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Conflict continues in eastern Libya between the Libyan National Army (LNA) and the coalition of jihadists in Benghazi. Reports indicate that General Khalifta Haftar has arrived in Benghazi to personally oversee the final assault in western Benghazi…. In Derna, the LNA operation room responsible for conducting operations against the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) was reorganized by Haftar this week, indicating a likely uptick in military confrontation in the coming weeks. The move follows two successful attacks conducted by the DMSC on LNA units near Derna last month, in which 12 LNA soldiers were killed.

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In Tripoli, local pro-GNA militias are recoiling at the perceived rise in Islamist and Misratan power. This tension signals imminent conflict in the capital, and potentially the collapse of the GNA’s political arrangements in western Libya… In Derna, a new agreement was reportedly signed on 13 August by local residents, members of the municipal council and the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) in an effort to circumvent wider conflict and transition power to neutral actors… Benghazi witnessed a lull in fighting last week as the LNA reorganized its forces and consolidating its control, however clashes with ISIS and Benghazi Revolutionary Shura Council militants continue to take place intermittently in Benghazi’s central districts near the port.

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As political constellations are being reformed across Libya, the gap separating ISIS from non-ISIS jihadis are closing as both are finding common ground in their anti-Haftar and anti-Western aims. However, this week these distinctions are fading. Ghariyani’s statements mentioned in this week’s ISIS in Action post and the BRSC suicide bombing against LNA fighters on 2 August in Guwarsha, Benghazi are closing the gap and driving the BRSC to coordinate with ISIS…. 18 LNA soldiers were killed on 2 August and more than 20 others were injured in a suicide vehicle attack in Guwarsha district, long used as the HQ for the coalition of Islamist extremists including IS, Ansar Al Sharia, and the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC). The attack came after LNA forced managed to advance and retake Guwarsha Gate on 1 August; Benghazi’s main west gate, and a strategic position for jihadists.

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The rising tide of dissatisfaction with the Government of National Accord (GNA) in western Libya is fueling the momentum of hardline Islamists and anti-GNA factions who held demonstrations on 29 July in Tripoli… In a key development, Wissam Ben Hamid, symbolic leader of the Benghazi Shura Revolutionary Council, appeared in a video published by the Benghazi Defense Brigades media outlet (Bushra) accusing Abdul Raouf Kara, the head of Rada, of being a hypocrite and equating him to Haftar. Rada is reportedly holding more than 200 militants thought to be affiliated with Ansar Al Sharia and ISIS.

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Over the last two weeks, the Benghazi Defense Brigade (BDB) advanced to within 60 kilometers east of Benghazi, before reportedly retreating back to its base in Jufra, Libya on 22-23 July. The militia, which has enjoyed rising support in western Libya after it managed to take down an LNA helicopter with three French soldiers onboard on 17 July, is likely to conduct a new incursion into the oil crescent to retake oil wells from LNA-aligned forces and to mount another assault on Benghazi.

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In the oil crescent, the Benghazi Defense Brigade (BDB) claimed to have shot down a Libyan National Army (LNA) helicopter on 17 July near Magrun, 70 kilometers south of Benghazi. AP reports indicate that the two foreigners may have been members of French special forces. Meanwhile, the BDB managed to retake the towns of Sultan and Jelidia, which it had withdrawn from last week. LNA reinforcements had been mobilized to the area, but were unable to halt the BDB’s advance.

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Battles intensified on 6-8 July as jihadists conducted a surprise counterattack against the LNA on the evening of Eid in Ganfuda. The jihadists’ fierce resistance may demonstrate their desperation, but it casts doubts on LNA pronouncements that the jihadists had been neutralized. At the same time, there has been an escalation of conflict between the LNA and the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC). A three-week ceasefire was breached when the LNA conducted airstrikes on alleged DMSC targets in and around the Derna port on 9 July.

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A high-level political attempt at rapprochement in Derna culminated in a declared ceasefire last week. Nonetheless, Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) militants assassinated three Libyan National Army (LNA) security officers on 1 July, serving to scuttle previous progress. Meanwhile, an IED that killed two LNA security officers in a busy Benghazi street on 2 July, indicates that militants are likely to resort once more to assassinations and suicide bombings, if they continue to lose ground. The DMSC is also supporting renegade Islamist militias in Ajdabiya and Benghazi, a practice that has escalated tensions and made reconciliation between non-ISIS jihadis and the LNA even less likely.

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2014
Jun June 9th: Ansar al-Sharia attempt to assassinate Haftar in Benghazi
Jul July 14th: Misratan and Zintani forces clashes over Tripoli Airport
Aug
Sep Sept 1st: Dawn announce creation of Tripoli Revolutionaries Shura Council
Oct
Nov
Dec Dec 14th: Operation Shuruq: Islamists advance on Oil Crescent
2015
Jan Jan 5th: Heavy fighting in Benghazi and Derna employing tanks and grad rockets
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun June 1st: PM Thinni survives assassination attempt in Tobruk
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct Oct 26th: Benghazi demonstrators killed by mortars
Nov
Dec Dec 15th: Jihadis establish roadblocks in Sabratha
2016
Jan Jan 5th: ARSC denied defection to IS; IS criticize BRSC
Feb Feb 9th: Mystery air raids on Derna kill affiliates of DMSC
Mar Mar 8th: Links between Ansar Sharia and BRSC clarified; decline of non-ISIS jihadis
Apr
May May 9th: ISIS withdrawn from Derna after defeat by DMSC
Jun June 6th: Hardline Eastern Islamist establish Mufti-backed Benghazi Defense Brigades (BDB)
Jul Jul 18th: BDB claimed shoot down French advisors in LNA helicopter
Aug Aug 1st: Anti-GNA Islamist demonstrations in Tripoli Aug 29th: Jihadi media release video of children allegedly killed by French airstrikes
Sep Sept 13th: Militias tensions over GNA grow in Tripoli
Oct Oct 11th: Notable Islamic scholar kidnapped by anti-Mufti militias
Nov Nov 18th: LNA retake Guwarsha gate from BRSC in Benghazi
Dec Dec 1st: Clashes in Tripoli between GNA militias and militias loyal to Sadeq al-Ghariani Dec 26th: LNA bombs BDB fighters in Hun, provokes Misrata
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Group of jihadist fighters fled from Sabri and Ganfuda in Benghazi; the LNA captured many of them
Feb
Mar Mar 6th: BDB launches surprise attack and seizes Oil Crescent ports from LNA Mar 14th: LNA launches counter-offensive against BDB and retakes Oil Crescent Mar 21th: LNA declares Ganfuda fully liberated from jihadists
Apr Apr 4th: DMSC states it only recognises the authority of Libya’s Dar al-Ifta
May May 8th: LNA launches full ground and air assault against jihadists in Sabri and Souq al-Hout May 27th: Ansar al-Sharia announces official disbandment
Jun
Jul
Aug