The Libyan National Army (LNA) campaign against the Derna Mujahadeen Shura Council (DMSC) – which has now renamed itself the Derna Protection Force (DPF)– continues in Derna. On 28 May, the LNA announced that it had taken control of the western entrance of Derna, the industrial area of al-Fatayah, and the areas in and around the al-Katib factory.

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On 12 May, the DMSC announced it was dissolving itself and changing its name to ‘the Derna Protection Force’. On 15 May, the LNA’s Omar Mukhtar Operations Room claimed to have completely captured al-Hila, south of Derna, as a part of on going operations to take the city from the DMSC.

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On 1 May, factions in Misrata eulogised the former leader of the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC), Wissam Bin Hamid, after news of his death was officially announced by his family. He was reportedly killed on 10 December 10, 2016.

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On 23 April, reports suggest the al-Qaeda affiliated jihadist group Ansar al-Sharia (AS) were involved in clashes between the Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) west of Derna. On 25 April, an alleged ‘extremist cell’ was apprehended in al-Jufrah by LNA-affiliated forces.

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On 18 April, a motorcade with Libyan National Army (LNA) Military Governor and LNA chief of Staff Abdulrazzaq al-Nadhouri was attacked by alleged “terrorist sleeper cells” using a VBIED as it moved through Sidi Khalifa, north of Benghazi. On 22 April, the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC), which is currently in the control of the city of Derna, released a conciliatory statement calling for an end to the conflict between itself and the LNA.

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On 12 April, Libyan National Army (LNA) forces arrested an Ansar al-Sharia (AS) figure from Sirte named Salem Abdul Qaway al-Gaddafi while hiding in the Jufra area. On 14 April, the LNA Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Abdurrazaq al-Nadhouri, issued “final readiness” orders to LNA troops station near Derna heralding an impending assault on the city controlled by the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council.

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On 3 April, the UK government stated that it was “likely” that it had been in communication with the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) and the 17 February Martys Brigade during the war in Libya in 2011. On 5 April, the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) claimed to have undertaken a surprise attack on Libyan National Army (LNA) forces in southern Derna, allegedly killing two LNA fighters.

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On 1 April, in a media statement, Libyan National Army (LNA) leader Khalifa Haftar warned that the time given to the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC) – who occupies and controls the city of Derna – to disarm and lay down their weapons has expired and suggests that major clashes in Derna could start at any time.

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On 24 March, the LNA aligned Salafist ‘Arrest and Investigation Units’ of Benghazi and Ajdabiya were disbanded with their respective members re-integrated into the Internal Security Organisations in their respective cities. On 23 March, the Tarik Ben Zeyad brigade, who are one of the two most powerful Salafist brigades aligned to the LNA, deployed to southern Libya.

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On 11 March, it was reported that Saudi Arabia had extradited to the LNA two alleged al-Qaeda members accused of abducting five Egyptian diplomats in Tripoli in 2014. The two suspects were arrested in June 2017 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and are said to be members of the al-Qaeda aligned Libyan militant groups.

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On 4 March, four people were allegedly injured by artillery shelling from the LNA 321 artillery battalion on al-Zintan neighbourhood near the western entrance of Derna. The following day the UN Secretary-General envoy, Ghassan Salame held a meeting in Tripoli with a delegation from Derna to discuss the evolving humanitarian situation in the city.

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On 25 February, Interpol issued a Red Notice for Mahmoud al-Werfalli, the field commander of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Special Forces Saiqa division, for war crimes relating to summary executions of LNA prisoners accused of being jihadists.

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An LNA offensive against the Derna Mujahedeen Shura Council (DMSC), which controls Derna, appears imminent. The LNA continues to deploy large ground forces to Derna from Benghazi, Ajdabiya and other areas to prepare for the assault. Haftar dismissed Wanis Bukhamada as head of the Benghazi JSFOR, replacing him with Abdurrazaq al-Nadhouri.

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Last week, the LNA deployed forces from Benghazi and nearby towns to take up positions around Derna and prepare an offensive against the Derna Mujahadeen Shura Council, which controls the city. The LNA’s Omar al-Mukhtar Operation Room Commander asked all citizens to move away from possible targets, indicating that shelling and/or airstrikes may be used.

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2014
Jun June 9th: Ansar al-Sharia attempt to assassinate Haftar in Benghazi
Jul July 14th: Misratan and Zintani forces clashes over Tripoli Airport
Aug
Sep Sept 1st: Dawn announce creation of Tripoli Revolutionaries Shura Council
Oct
Nov
Dec Dec 14th: Operation Shuruq: Islamists advance on Oil Crescent
2015
Jan Jan 5th: Heavy fighting in Benghazi and Derna employing tanks and grad rockets
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun June 1st: PM Thinni survives assassination attempt in Tobruk
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct Oct 26th: Benghazi demonstrators killed by mortars
Nov
Dec Dec 15th: Jihadis establish roadblocks in Sabratha
2016
Jan Jan 5th: ARSC denied defection to IS; IS criticize BRSC
Feb Feb 9th: Mystery air raids on Derna kill affiliates of DMSC
Mar Mar 8th: Links between Ansar Sharia and BRSC clarified; decline of non-ISIS jihadis
Apr
May May 9th: ISIS withdrawn from Derna after defeat by DMSC
Jun June 6th: Hardline Eastern Islamist establish Mufti-backed Benghazi Defense Brigades (BDB)
Jul Jul 18th: BDB claimed shoot down French advisors in LNA helicopter
Aug Aug 1st: Anti-GNA Islamist demonstrations in Tripoli Aug 29th: Jihadi media release video of children allegedly killed by French airstrikes
Sep Sept 13th: Militias tensions over GNA grow in Tripoli
Oct Oct 11th: Notable Islamic scholar kidnapped by anti-Mufti militias
Nov Nov 18th: LNA retake Guwarsha gate from BRSC in Benghazi
Dec Dec 1st: Clashes in Tripoli between GNA militias and militias loyal to Sadeq al-Ghariani Dec 26th: LNA bombs BDB fighters in Hun, provokes Misrata
2017
Jan Jan 10th: Group of jihadist fighters fled from Sabri and Ganfuda in Benghazi; the LNA captured many of them
Feb
Mar Mar 6th: BDB launches surprise attack and seizes Oil Crescent ports from LNA Mar 14th: LNA launches counter-offensive against BDB and retakes Oil Crescent Mar 21th: LNA declares Ganfuda fully liberated from jihadists
Apr Apr 4th: DMSC states it only recognises the authority of Libya’s Dar al-Ifta
May May 8th: LNA launches full ground and air assault against jihadists in Sabri and Souq al-Hout May 27th: Ansar al-Sharia announces official disbandment
Jun
Jul
Aug