On 23 August, Islamic State (ISIS) fighters attacked the Libyan National Army (LNA)-controlled al-Fugaha checkpoint in Jufra. Eleven victims were beheaded. On 27 August, Amaq released a new video showing two abductees and featuring several ISIS fighters guarding a checkpoint on a road near Jufra, south of Sirte.

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2014 Jun June 21st: Haftar says ‘terrorists should leave now or die here.’ Mufti calls for anti-Haftar jihad Jul Aug Aug 3rd: BRSC overrun Saiqa base in Benghazi Aug 25th: HoR responds to the triumph of Libya Dawn by branding it terrorists Sep Oct Oct 19th: Hafter reverses slide in Benghazi with major offensive Nov Nov 23rd: Haftar courts Ferjan …

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2014 Jun June 27th: Prominent civil society activist, Salwa Bughagis, killed likely by Jihadists Jul July 14th: Libyan Abu Mahjan Al-Ta’ifi Brigade sends 50 men to Iraq to support ISIS Aug Sep Sept 8th: HoR moves against the Mufti, adding an overt religious dimension to the HoR/GNC conflict Oct Nov Nov 3rd: Shura Council of the Youth of Islam in …

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The LNA took the Jufra airbase from the GNA-aligned BDB last week, pushing the BDB north towards Sirte. The GNA issued decisions dividing Libya into 7 military zones, igniting protests in eastern Libya.

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On 14 March, the LNA launched a counter attack against the BDB. Following intense fighting, by the end of the day the LNA claimed to be in control of the Oil Crescent once more, including the oil ports.

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On 5 January, a group of jihadi fighters including ISIS, AS and BRSC militants attempted a coordinated breakout from the Sabri and Ganfuda areas in Benghazi, which are currently besieged by LNA forces.  LNA fighters captured a number of key AS and BRSC figures.

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The LNA defeated a counter-attack on the oil crescent launched from Jufra by allied forces including Jadhran loyalists, BDB fighters and some GNA forces. The attacking convoy was routed and the LNA even extended its control south of Jufra, all the way to Brak al-Shati. In Tripoli, tensions are high as anti-GNA Misratan forces mobilize to support the anti-GNA Islamist coalition, while protests took place after a video of militiamen raping a woman was released.

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2014 Jun June 21st: Haftar says ‘terrorists should leave now or die here.’ Mufti calls for anti-Haftar jihad Jul Aug Aug 3rd: BRSC overrun Saiqa base in Benghazi Aug 25th: HoR responds to the triumph of Libya Dawn by branding it terrorists Sep Oct Oct 19th: Hafter reverses slide in Benghazi with major offensive Nov Nov 23rd: Haftar courts Ferjan …

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2014 Jun June 27th: Prominent civil society activist, Salwa Bughagis, killed likely by Jihadists Jul July 14th: Libyan Abu Mahjan Al-Ta’ifi Brigade sends 50 men to Iraq to support ISIS Aug Sep Sept 8th: HoR moves against the Mufti, adding an overt religious dimension to the HoR/GNC conflict Oct Nov Nov 3rd: Shura Council of the Youth of Islam in …

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The anti-ISIS coalition, such as exists, is in a state of flux after Haftar’s seizure of the oil ports. Misratan officials have said that they will not go to war against the LNA to support Jadhran, however after Haftar’s forces succeeded in repelling a counter attack against the Sidra and Ras Lanuf ports, they pushed to within 50km of Sirte where Misrata are currently battling ISIS.

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On 11 September, General Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) announced and launched a secretive military operation named Sudden Lightening, and by 12 September the LNA had taken full military control of the Oil Crescent. Ras Lanuf, Sidra and Zuetina oil ports were wrested away from Ibrahim Jadhran’s Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG), and are now under control of the House of Representatives-aligned (HoR) LNA.

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The political process in Libya is headed towards a new stage of dysfunction. The Presidential Council (PC) has not yet agreed a new ministerial list for the Government of National Accord (GNA), and fresh divisions are emerging within the House of Representatives (HoR).

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At the moment of partial victory in Sirte, various pillars that should make up the anti-ISIS coalition are feuding with each other. The House of Representatives (HoR) has rejected the Government of National Accord, while the Libyan National Army (LNA) and Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG) are facing increasing tension over Zuetina in the oil crescent, and various interests are preventing oil production in order to seek their own demands.

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The US airstrikes are further polarizing opinion on the ground in Libya and are making strange bedfellows between the Islamists and Haftar who both oppose the airstrikes. It is also being reported that Italy is now offering support to the US operations… Ahmed Mismari, LNA spokesman claimed that the air raid was carried out for US electoral purposes to help Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton, insisting that Sirte would be only liberated by the LNA.

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2014 Jun June 27th: Prominent civil society activist, Salwa Bughagis, killed likely by Jihadists Jul July 14th: Libyan Abu Mahjan Al-Ta’ifi Brigade sends 50 men to Iraq to support ISIS Aug Sep Sept 8th: HoR moves against the Mufti, adding an overt religious dimension to the HoR/GNC conflict Oct Nov Nov 3rd: Shura Council of the Youth of Islam in …

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