2014
Jun June 27th: Tarek Mitri, head of UNSMIL, praised the well-run HoR election
Jul
Aug Aug 25th: Libya's neighbours hold Cairo conference
Sep Sept 29th: UN sponsored Ghademes talks
Oct
Nov Nov 3rd: ISIS established in Derna and Thinni refuses to negotiate with 'terrorists'
Nov 17th: Tweets sent by ISIS claimed responsibility for bombings at embassies in Tripoli
Nov 30th: UN's blacklist of Ansar Sharia and Ghadames dialogue meeting
Dec
2015
Jan Jan 19th: UN talks open in Geneva
Feb
Mar Mar 29th: UN extends arms embargo
Apr
May
Jun June 15th: U.S. airstrike targets Belmokhtar
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov Nov 16th: First U.S. airstrike in Derna kills top ISIS leader
Dec
2016
Jan Jan 27th: US Joint Chiefs advocate intervention in Sirte
Feb Feb 9th: Italians mentioned by US as lead on Sirte Intervention
Mar Mar 22nd: Italians prepared to provide 5000 troops for Libya
Apr Apr 14th: Italian FM visits GNA in Tripoli, first visit by European diplomat since 2014
May May 16th: Western powers agree to supply GNA with weapons and training to fight ISIS
May 30th: British Special Forces help destroy ISIS suicide vehicles in Sirte
Jun June 20th: Operation Sophia gets approval to inspect vessels off Libyan coast
Jul July 25th: 3 French Special Forces soldiers killed in downing of LNA helicopter in Benghazi
Aug Aug 1st: US launches campaign of airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte
Aug 29th: West reiterates GNA sole legitimate power after HoR votes against it
Sep Sept 20th: International community welcomes resumption of oil exports
Oct Oct 11th: European countries welcome Haftar's envoys
Nov
Dec


The weakness of the Government of National Accord (GNA) was more fully realised in international diplomatic circles last week, when GNA Foreign Minister Taher Siala failed to make a positive impact on the European stage… During a Senate Foreign Relations Committee confirmation hearing on 22 June, President Barack Obama’s nominee to command US forces in Africa, Marine Lt. General Thomas Waldhauser, said that more ground troops were needed in Libya to fight ISIS and agreed the current strategy of not bombing the group there “makes no sense.”

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Following UN Security Council approval on 14 June to inspect vessels off the coast of Libya, EU foreign ministers agreed at talks in Luxembourg on 20 June to extend Operation Sophia to July 2017, and tasked it with supporting Libya’s coast guard and navy. At a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on 15 June, special envoy for Libya Jonathan Winer told the committee that the Obama administration seeks to support the Government of National Accord (GNA) with a $56 million aid package.

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Despite the steady advance on Sirte by the Bunyan Marsus coalition, there were no significant actions taken by the Western international community last week. Most notably, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution to extend the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) mandate to December 15, 2016, and encouraged UNSMIL to re-establish a permanent presence in the country.

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The European Union (EU) is pushing for increased authority to enforce the existing embargo on arms shipments Libya. Speaking to the UN Security Council on 6 June, EU Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini urged members to authorize EU naval operations in the Mediterranean Sea “to enforce the UN arms embargo on the high seas, off the coast of Libya.”

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